Cite By DOI

Cite by DOI

Cite by DOI is a method of referencing and citing academic articles and research papers using the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) assigned to each publication. The DOI system provides a unique and persistent identifier for digital content, making it easier to locate and cite academic sources accurately. In this article, we will explore the details of citing by DOI, including its benefits, how to use it, and some tips for effective referencing.

Citing by DOI offers several benefits to researchers, students, and academics:

1. Accurate and reliable referencing:

The DOI system ensures that each publication has a unique identifier, eliminating any confusion or errors in referencing. This allows for more accurate and reliable citations.

2. Easy access to the full text:

By citing by DOI, readers can easily access the full text of the cited article through the DOI link. This saves time and effort, as users do not have to search for the article separately.

3. Persistent identification:

DOIs are permanent identifiers that remain unchanged even if the article's URL or location changes. This ensures that the citation remains valid and accessible in the long term.

4. Enhanced discoverability:

Citations with DOIs are easily discoverable through search engines, databases, and academic platforms. This improves the visibility and impact of the cited work.

5. Standardized citation format:

The DOI system provides a standardized format for citing academic articles, ensuring consistency and clarity in referencing across different disciplines and citation styles.

6. Trackable citations:

Some DOIs allow for tracking of citation metrics, providing valuable insights into the impact and reach of a particular publication.

Citing by DOI is a straightforward process. Here are the steps to follow:

1. Locate the DOI:

The DOI is typically found on the first page of the published article, near the abstract or at the top of the page. It is a unique alphanumeric string that starts with "10." and is followed by a series of numbers and/or letters.

2. Include the DOI in the citation:

In your reference list or bibliography, include the DOI at the end of the citation. It is usually preceded by "doi:" or "". For example, a citation with a DOI would look like this: Author(s). (Year). Title of the article. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page range. doi:10.xxxx/xxxxxx.

3. Create a DOI hyperlink:

If you are citing in an electronic format, you can create a clickable hyperlink for the DOI by using the DOI prefix "". This allows readers to easily access the full text of the cited article.

4. Cross-check the DOI:

Before finalizing your citation, it is essential to double-check the DOI to ensure its accuracy. A simple typo or omission can lead to an incorrect citation.

1. What is a DOI?

A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned to digital content, such as academic articles, books, and reports. It provides a persistent link to the content, making it easier to locate and cite.

2. Are all academic articles assigned DOIs?

No, not all academic articles are assigned DOIs. However, most reputable publishers and journals assign DOIs to their articles to facilitate accurate referencing and improve discoverability.

3. Can I use a DOI to access the full text of an article?

Yes, a DOI can be used to access the full text of an article. By clicking on the DOI link, you will be directed to the article's webpage, where you can usually access the full text.

4. Can I cite a source without a DOI?

If a source does not have a DOI, you can still cite it using other identifying information, such as the author's name, title of the article, journal name, publication year, and page numbers.

5. Can I cite by DOI in any citation style?

Yes, citing by DOI can be done in any citation style. Most citation styles, such as APA, MLA, and Chicago, provide guidelines on how to format a citation with a DOI.

6. Can I cite an article by DOI if I only have the PDF version?

Yes, you can still cite an article by DOI even if you only have the PDF version. Simply locate the DOI by looking at the article's metadata or searching for the article on the publisher's website.

7. Can I cite multiple articles by DOI in a single reference?

Yes, if you are citing multiple articles from the same source or author, you can include multiple DOIs in a single reference, separated by semicolons.

8. Can I cite non-academic sources using DOIs?

DOIs are primarily used for academic sources, but some non-academic sources, such as reports or government documents, may also have DOIs. It is recommended to check the source for a DOI before citing it.

Pros of Cite by DOI

Using DOIs for citations offers several advantages:

  • Ensures accurate and reliable referencing
  • Provides easy access to the full text of articles
  • Allows for persistent identification of sources
  • Enhances discoverability of cited works
  • Standardizes citation format across disciplines and styles

Tips for Effective Citing by DOI

Here are some tips to make the most out of citing by DOI:

  • Always double-check the accuracy of the DOI before citing it
  • If a DOI link is not working, try searching for the article directly on the publisher's website
  • Include DOIs in both in-text citations and reference lists for consistency
  • When citing multiple articles, separate DOIs with semicolons
  • Check the citation guidelines of your chosen citation style for specific DOI formatting requirements


Cite by DOI is a convenient and reliable method of referencing academic articles and research papers. It offers benefits such as accurate referencing, easy access to full texts, persistent identification, enhanced discoverability, and standardized citation format. By following a few simple steps, researchers and students can effectively cite sources by DOI and contribute to the integrity and impact of their work.